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Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy
Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy

Environmental Policy Program Publications

2009 |  2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994 | 1990

2009

Environment, Science and Policy Conservation of Shared Environments: Learning from the United States and Mexico
Edited by Laura Lopez-Hoffman, Emily McGovern, Robert G. Varady, and Karl Flessa
University of Arizona Press, 2009, 336p.
 
Environment, Science and Policy López-Hoffman, L., R. Varady, et al. Ecosystem services across borders: a framework for transboundary conservation policy. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 2009.



2008

Environment, Science and Policy
Citron, A. 2008. Incorporating Flexibility into Conservation Easements. Winner of the 2007 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 53pp. [pdf]

Investigates the legal and practical notion of flexibility in the application, of conservation easements, and summarizes the mechanisms available to incorporate appropriate amounts of flexibility to account for future scientific and cultural changes without sacrificing inherent conservation values.

This publication is also available in printed form for a nominal printing and postage fee. [order]

 

Environment, Science and Policy
Morehouse, B., D. Ferguson, G. Owen, A. Browning-Aiken, P. Wong-Gonzales, N. Pineda, M. Wilder, and R.G. Varady. 2008. Science and socio-ecological sustainability: Examples from the Arizona-Sonora border. Environmental Science and Policy, 11(3):272-84. [pdf]

Uses three case studies of coupled society-nature and society-science interactions and the concepts of long-term socio-ecological resilience and transformability to reveal the Greater Sonoran Ecoregion’s increasing vulnerabilities to systemic changes and identify options for addressing such threats.

 

international journal of water resources development
Scott, C.A., and J.M. Banister. 2008. The dilemma of water management regionalization in Mexico under centralized resource allocation. International Journal of Water Resources Development 24(1):61-74. [pdf]

Considers Mexico’s evolving water management framework—including the factors of integrated planning and management, decentralization of decision making, and privatization of services—and includes a case study of the Yaqui River in Sonora.

 

Physics and Chemistry of the earth
Varady, R.G., K. Meehan, and E. McGovern. 2008. Charting the emergence of ‘Global Water Initiatives’ in world water governance. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth,15pp. [pdf]

Provides a history and analysis of global water initiatives (GWIs)—a growing set of institutions and events that have helped broaden water governance beyond regional schemes to take on a more global scope—and makes recommendations for improving multi-level water management in the future by supporting and sustaining GWI efforts.

 

Environment
Varady, R.G., K. Meehan, J. Rodda, M. Iles-Shih, and E. McGovern. 2008. Strengthening Global Water Initiatives to sustain world water governance. Environment, 50(2):18-31. [pdf]

Describes the evolution of global water institutions, analyzes their impact and significance, and provides a series of policy strategies to improve global water governance; although global water initiatives have existed for more than a century and their numbers have increased palpably since the Second World War, surprisingly little has been written on their collective activities and impact.

2007

International Journal of Climatology
Biggs, T.W., C.A. Scott, B. Rajagopalanc, and H.N. Turrald. 2007. Trends in solar radiation due to clouds and aerosols, southern India, 1952–1997. International Journal of Climatology, 27(11):1505–18. [pdf]

 

 

climate change
Browning-Aiken, A., B. Morehouse, A. Davis, M. Wilder, R. Varady, D. Goodrich, R. Carter, D. Moreno, and E. Dellinger McGovern. 2007. Climate, water management, and policy in the San Pedro Basin: Results of a survey of Mexican stakeholders near the U.S.-Mexico border. Climatic Change 85(3-4):323-41. [pdf]

Reports on the results of a survey of some 600 water users in urban and rural areas of the Mexican portion of the Upper San Pedro River basin to study the influence of climate information on water consumption and management.

 

Herber
Herber, B.P. 2007. Protecting the Antarctic Commons: Problems of Economic Efficiency. Udall Center Fellows Monographs. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 73pp. [pdf]

Analyzes the adequacy of existing international governance mechanisms, specifically the Antarctic Treaty System, to direct policy goals for the long-term sustainability of the globally strategic Antarctic commons and natural resources.

This publication is also available in printed form for a nominal printing and postage fee. [order]

 

Frontera Norte
Pineda Pablos, N., A. Browning-Aiken, and M. Wilder. 2007. Equilibrio de bajo nivel y manejo urbano del agua en Cananea, Sonora / Low-level equilibrium and urban water management in Cananea, Sonora by Frontera Norte, 19(37):143-72 (Spanish, w/ English abstract). [pdf]

Analyzes water management and policy for the city of Cananea, Sonora, focusing on processes and mechanisms that might overcome institutional barriers to the efficient and sufficient provision of services, such as potable water delivery and wastewater collection.

 

BAMS
Ray, A.J., G.M. Garfin, L. Brito-Castillo, M. Cortez-Vázquez, H.F. Diaz, J. Garatuza-Payán, D. Gochis, R. Lobato-Sánchez, R.G. Varady, C. Watts. 2007. Monsoon region climate applications: Integrating climate science with regional planning and policy. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88(6):933-5. [pdf]

 

societal adaptation
Rosenberg, N.J., V.M. Mehta, J.R. Olsen, H. von Storch, R.G. Varady, M.J. Hayes, and D. Wilhite. 2007. Societal adaptation to decadal climate variability in the United States. CRCES Workshop on Adaptation to Decadal Climate Variability in the United States, 26-28 Apr. 2007, Waikoloa, Hawaii. Eos 88, 43: 444. [pdf]

 

Paddy and Water Environment
Scott, C.A., F. Flores-López, and J.R. Gastélum. 2007. Appropriation of Río San Juan by Monterrey City, Mexico: Implications for agriculture and basin water sharing. Paddy and Water Environment 5(4):253-62. [pdf]

Examines water transfers from agriculture to urban use in the broad context of economic transformation, political negotiation, water law and policy, and international affairs.

 

scott
Scott, C.A., R.G. Varady, A. Browning-Aiken, and T. W. Sprouse. 2007. Water and energy resources in the Arizona-Sonora border region. Southwest Hydrology 6(5):26-27, 31. [pdf]

 

Energy Irrigation nexus in South Asia:
Shah, T., C.A. Scott, J. Berkoff, A. Kishore, A. Sharma. 2007. Energy-irrigation nexus in South Asia: Pricing versus rationing as practical tool for efficient resource allocation. In F. Molle and J. Berkoff (eds.) Irrigation Water Pricing: The Gap Between Theory and Practice. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 208-232. [pdf]



2006

Remote Sensing
Biggs, T.W., P.S. Thenkabail, M.K. Gumma, C.A. Scott, G.R. Parthasaradhi, and H.N. Turral. 2006. Irrigated area mapping in heterogeneous landscapes with MODIS time series, ground truth and census data, Krishna Basin, India. International Journal of Remote Sensing 27(19):4245-66. [pdf]

 

hydrology and water law
Browning-Aiken, A., R. G. Varady, D. Goodrich, H. Richter, T. Sprouse, and W. J. Shuttleworth. 2006. Integrating science and policy for water management: a case study of the Upper San Pedro River Basin. In Hydrology and Water Law — Bridging the Gap: A Case Study of HELP Basins, ed. by J. S. Wallace and P. Wouters. IWA Publishing, pp. 24-59.

 

Lester, L. 2006. Protecting the Fish and Eating Them, Too: Impacts of the Endangered Species Act on Tribal Water Use. Winner of the 2005 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 46pp. [pdf] ISBN 1-931143-25-0

Provides a general overview of tribal water rights followed by a description of the Endangered Species Act, discusses the intersection of critical habitat designation and the development of consumptive water use on reservation lands, evaluates tribal and agency recommendations regarding critical habitat designation in Indian Country, and sets out further recommendations for protecting both species habitat and tribal sovereignty.

This publication is also available in printed form for a nominal printing and postage fee. [order]

 

San Pedro
McGovern, E.D., R.G. Varady, and A. Browning-Aiken. 2006. Water Policy Research on the San Pedro River Basin: An Annotated Bibliography of Contributions by the Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, 1997-2006. Udall Center, 13 pp. [pdf]

A compilation of published works (journal articles, book chapters, reports, and posters) by Udall Center researchers on the public-policy dimensions of water-resources management in the Upper San Pedro River basin of southern Arizona and northern Sonora.

 

shipek
Shipek, L., M. Wilder, J. Kentnor, G. Owen, A. Browning-Aiken, and D. Fisher de Leon. 2006. Drought Beyond Borders: Bilingual Lesson Plans for the Binational Santa Cruz Watershed. Center for Latin American Studies and Udall Center, 27pp. [pdf] (also in Spanish [pdf])

 

shipek
Shipek, L., M. Wilder, J. Kentnor, G. Owen, A. Browning-Aiken, and D. Fisher de Leon. 2006. Climate Change Beyond Borders: Bilingual Lesson Plans for the Binational Santa Cruz Watershed. Center for Latin American Studies and Udall Center, 26pp. [pdf] (also in Spanish [pdf])

 

Varady, meehan
Varady, R.G., and K. Meehan. 2006. A flood of institutions? Sustaining global water initiatives. Water Resources Impact 8(6): 19-22. [pdf]



2005

The birth of a mexican watershed council...
Varady, R.G., and A. Browning-Aiken. 2005. The birth of a Mexican watershed council in the San Pedro basin in Sonora. In Planeación y Cooperación Transfronteriza en la Frontera México-Estados Unidos (Transboundary Planning and Cooperation in the U.S.-Mexico Border Region), ed. by C. Fuentes-Flores and S. Peña-Medina. Ciudad Juárez , Mexico: El Colegio de la Frontera Norte & Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Ambiente y Desarrollo. pp. 165-83.



2004

international journal of water resources development Browning-Aiken, A., H. Richter, D. Goodrich, B. Strain, and R.G. Varady. 2004. Upper San Pedro Basin: fostering collaborative binational watershed management. International Journal of Water Resources Development 20(3):353-67. [pdf]

 

Asuntos ambientales en la frontera Mexico
Liverman, D., R.G. Varady, O. Chávez, R. Sánchez, A. Browning-Aiken, and L. Stauber. 2004. Asuntos ambientales en la frontera México-Estados Unidos: Temas y acciones. In Fronteras en América del Norte: Estudios multidisciplinarios, ed. by A. Mercado Celis and E. Gutiérrez Romero. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Investigaciones Sobre América del Norte. pp. 279-293.

 

international journal of water resources development Scott, C.A. and T. Shah. 2004. Groundwater overdraft reduction through agricultural energy policy: insights from India and Mexico. International Journal of Water Resources Development 20(2): 149-164. [pdf]

 

Wastewater use in Irrigated Agriculture:
Scott, C.A., N.I. Faruqui, L. Rachid-Sally (eds.) 2004. Wastewater Use in Irrigated Agriculture: Confronting the Livelihood and Environmental Realities. CAB International, Wallingford, 193 p. [html]

 

no cover
Varady, R.G., and B.J. Morehouse. 2004. Cuanto cuesta? Development and water in Ambos Nogales and the Upper San Pedro Basin. In The Social Costs of Industrial Growth in Northern Mexico, ed. by K. Kopinak. La Jolla, CA: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD. pp. 205-48.



2003

Elusive Identity
Brott, E., and A. Browning-Aiken. 2003. Elusive Identity: Lessons from an NGO on Mexico’s Northern Border. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 27pp. [pdf]

 

journal of the southwest
Browning-Aiken, A., R.G. Varady, and D. Moreno. 2003. Water-resources management in the San Pedro Basin: Building binational alliances. Journal of the Southwest 45, 4: 611-627. [pdf]

 

Saving the Sierra
Coker, Mich. 2003. Saving the Sierra: Alternative Mechanisms for Conserving Northern Mexico’s Last Wild Places. Winner of the 2002 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 20pp.

This publication is also available in printed form for a nominal printing and postage fee. [order]

 

no cover
Varady, R.G., and B. J. Morehouse. 2003. Moving borders from the periphery to the center: river basins, political boundaries, and water management policy. In Water: Science, Policy, and Management, ed. by R. Lawford, D. Fort, H. Hartmann, and S. Eden. American Geophysical Union Water Resources Monograph 16. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union. pp. 143-59. [pdf]

 

Beyond Transboundary Environmental Cooperation
Verduzco, B. 2003. Beyond Transboundary Environmental Cooperation: Civil Society and Policy Outcomes on the U.S.- Mexico Border during the 1990s. Winner of the 1999 Ford Foundation/Udall Center Fellowship in Environmental Conflict Resolution on the U.S.-Mexico Border. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, Tucson, AZ. 29pp. [pdf]

This publication is also available in printed form for a nominal printing and postage fee. [order]



2002

Binational Watershed Councils as Instruments for Conflict Resolution in the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed
Brown, C. 2002. Binational Watershed Councils as Instruments for Conflict Resolution in the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 25pp.

[pdf]

Explores opportunities for watershed approaches to water-resource problems in the Upper Santa Cruz River Basin along the U.S.-Mexico border (Arizona and Sonora) and discusses the utility such approaches may offer in resolving cross-border water conflicts. ISBN 1-931143-18-8

 

 

lemos
Lemos, M.C., D. Austin, R. Merideth, and R. G. Varady. 2002. Public-private partnerships as catalysts for community-based water infrastructure development: The Border WaterWorks Program in Texas and New Mexico colonias, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 20(2):281-95.

Examines the Border WaterWorks Program as a model for the provision of water-supply and wastewater infrastructure in colonias of Texas and New Mexico; assesses—within a framework of public-private partnerships—the program’s flexibility of operations, ability to acquire and leverage resources, involvement of colonias’ residents, accountability and compatibility with public policy, and dependence on public funds.

 

Elusive Identity
Moreno, D. 2002. San Pedro River Basin Directory: A Guide to Agencies and Organizations. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 30pp. ISBN 1-931143-17-X

Provides contact and background information on more than 100 international, federal, state, and local entities in the United States and Mexico that are involved in environmental work in the San Pedro River Basin.

 

Climate Research
Liverman, D.M., and R. Merideth. 2002. Climate and society in the U.S. Southwest: The context for a regional assessment, Climate Research 21:199-218.

(pdf)

Provides a context for the ongoing Climate Assessment for the Southwest (CLIMAS) Project by reviewing key contextual elements of the region – its demography, economy, land, water, and institutions and values – and indicating effects on the vulnerability of certain social groups, economic sectors, and geographic areas; argues that, in the face of institutional, political, and other constraints, improvements in climate information might best assist decisionmakers in responding to climatic variability if they are afforded sufficient flexibility to use the information in appropriate ways.



2001

purchase of development rights
Brodgen, M. 2001. Purchase of Development Rights: Conserving Lands, Preserving Western Livelihoods. Prepared for the Western Governor’s Association, Trust for Public Land, and National Cattlemen’s Beef Association. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 24pp.

Provides a “how-to” primer for state policymakers and landowners interested in establishing purchase of development rights (PDR) programs to preserve open space and agricultural lands. Brief case studies illustrate what works and why.

 

Brogden
Brogden, M., ed. 2001. State Conservation Agreements: Creating Effective Partnerships for Proactive Conservation. Prepared for the International Association of fish and Wildlife Agencies. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 37pp.

Summarizes a national policy dialogue undertaken from November 2000 through July 2001 to understand how to improve the harnessing of collective resources—fiscal resources, property, scientific knowledge, local experience, intelligence, creativity, time, and voluntary spirit—to conserve biological diversity.

 

Collaborative Conservation in Theory and Practice
Conley, A., and Ann Moote. 2001. Collaborative Conservation in Theory and Practice: A Literature Review. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 33pp. ISBN 1-191143-13-7

[pdf]

Brings together a selected, representative sampling of the academic, popular, and gray literature, and introduces the reader to over 300 publications addressing many different disciplines—from watershed management to democratic theory, from international development to alternative dispute resolution.

 

Feasibility of Purchase and Transfer of water for instream flow in the Colorado River Delta, Mexico
Culp, P. 2001. Feasibility of Purchase and Transfer of Water for Instream Flow in the Colorado River Delta, Mexico. Winner of the 2000 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 45pp. ISBN 1-931143-14-5

Provides an overview of the developing legal regime that governs the allocation of water on the Colorado River and asserts that voluntary purchases and transfers of water provide a simple method of assuring a reliable and politically palatable supply of water for the Delta; proposes the clearest means to overcoming barriers to doing so and discusses the potential reductions in river salinity that could result from a delta flow program if the right source of water is chosen.

 

A primer on climatic variability
Merideth, R. 2001. A Primer on Climatic Variability and Change in the Southwest. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 28pp. ISBN 1-931143-12-9

Provides an overview of the general southwest U.S. context, with discussions of society, economy, demography, geography, and land and water use, and examines the impacts of climatic variability and change on urbanization, energy, agriculture, ranching, natural ecosystems, and recreation and tourism. Published with The University of Arizona’s Institute for Studies of Planet Earth.

 

Views from the Upper San Pedro River Basin
Moote, A., and Maria Gutierrez. 2001. Views from the Upper San Pedro River Basin: Local Perceptions of Water Issues. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 57pp. English [pdf] Español [pdf]

Presents a preliminary assessment of public perspectives on water management, policy, and research in the Basin, based on interviews, surveys, and meetings conducted between April 1998 and December 2000 in the Sonoran communities of Cananea and Naco and on several ranches and ejidos

 

Sustainability of Water Resources in the Upper San Pedro River Basin
Moote, A., Maria Gutierrez, and Allison Howarth. 2001. Sustainability of Water Resources in the Upper San Pedro River Basin: Results of a Survey of Mexican Residents. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 124pp.

Contains questionnaires and complete statistical results of a public survey of Mexican residents in the Upper San Pedro River Basin conducted between April 1998 and December 2000; analysis presented in the accompanying document, Views from the Upper San Pedro River Basin: Local Perceptions of Watersheds (see above).

 

Journal of Arid Environments
Varady, R.G., K.B. Hankins, A. Kaus, E. Young, and R. Merideth. 2001. ...to the Sea of Cortes: nature, water, culture, and livelihood in the Lower Colorado River basin and delta--an overview of issues, policies, and approaches to environmental restoration, Journal of Arid Environments 49(9):195-209.

(pdf)

Summarizes discussions and outcomes of a binational symposium and workshop on the Lower Colorado River Basin and Delta, an event that brought together key stakeholders representing relevant interests in the region with a focus on historical policy and legal matters; ecology of the river, delta, and ocean; allocation and valuation of water; community and cultural concerns; as well as water quality and wildlife conservation issues.

 

environment
Varady, R.G., P. Romero-Lankao, and K.B. Hankins. 2001. Managing hazardous materials along the U.S.-Mexico border, Environment 43(10):22-36.

Discusses how hazardous materials are produced, transported, and disposed of near the U.S.-Mexico border—as well as how they affect the environment and human health—against the backdrop of a host of transboundary issues.



2000
Merideth, R., A. Hipple, and S. Gavney-Moore. 2000. Directory of U.S.-Mexico Border Research and Outreach at The University of Arizona. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 44pp.

(pdf)

Documents the depth and breadth of The University of Arizona’s research and outreach activities related to the U.S.-Mexico borderlands with particular strengths in four key areas: environment and natural resources; economic development and planning; society, culture, and education; and public health; featuring more than 70 faculty members, academic professionals, and staff working in some 30 departments, centers, and institutes, the directory lists projects, publications, resources and materials, dissertation and theses, and contacts for each unit.

 

environmental practice
Merideth, R., and R. Yaseen. 2000. Using role-play simulations to teach environmental decision making and conflict resolution techniques, Environmental Practice 2(2):139-45.

Describes role-play exercises designed to instruct adult audiences in environmental decisionmaking and conflict resolution, and the processes used to develop them. Provides guidance for educators, government officials, and environmental professionals who might want to use such techniques in their own geographic or issue settings.

 

environmental practice
Varady, R.G., R.G. Arnold, D.E. Carter, Guzmán, Peña, and W. Suk. 2000. Hazardous waste and the U.S.-Mexico border region: Toward a binational university-based institutional landscape, Environmental Practice 2(1):38-45.

Introduces the role that universities might play in improving the hazardous waste decision-making capacities within the region; summarizes the current state of hazardous waste problems and the existing institutional framework within which planning for a binational center for hazardous waste management might be carried out.

 

Natural Resources Journal
Varady, R.G., A. Moote, and R. Merideth. 2000. Water management options for the Upper San Pedro River basin: Assessing the social and institutional landscape, Natural Resources Journal 40(2):223-35.

Upper San Pedro River, which has drawn considerable attention surrounding its use and protection, explores the water-management options for the Basin and examines the groundwater versus surface water nature of the resource and the social and institutional elements of the controversy.



1999

The Circle of Poison
Carter, R.H. 1999. The Circle of Poison Remains Unbroken: Pesticide Poisoning in Northern Sonora, Mexico, during the Era of Free Trade. Winner of the 1999 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 19pp.

(pdf)

Examines the provisions of free trade agreements (i.e., GATT and NAFTA) that were intended to further safeguard the health and well-being of workers and the environment; argues that fieldworkers’ increased vulnerability is due to more than to legal oversights; rather it is an inherent feature of the economic, political, and social relationship between the United States and Mexico, which increased trade serves to more deeply entrench.

 

Trouble in Tortuga!
Emerson, E., H. Movius, and R. Merideth. 1999 (2d rev. ed.). Trouble in Tortuga! A Role Playing Simulation Game for Teaching Environmental Conflict Resolution Techniques. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 24p. [pdf]

Offers simulation exercises that aim to facilitate conflict resolution in local communities by simulating environmental conflicts encountered in western rangelands; programs encourage stakeholders (ranchers, farmers, environmentalists, developers, district rangers, and other interested citizens) to assume roles other than their own and enact the conflict scenario with facilitators.

 

Lite, J. 1999. Protecting America’s Wilderness Heritage: Reclaiming Our Wild Lands from Sacrifice to Off-road Vehicle Use: A Utah Case Study. Winner of the 1999 Lillian S. Fisher Prize in Environmental Law and Public Policy. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 31pp.

Examines the laws and regulations governing the designation of off-road vehicle-use areas on public lands, focusing on how the courts have interpreted various requirements. The growing conflict surrounding off-road vehicle use on lands eligible for wilderness designation in Utah provides a focus for discussing use-area designations and legal strategies for controlling off-road vehicle use.

 

annual review of Energy and the Environment
Liverman, D.M., R.G. Varady, O. Chavez, and R. Sanchez. 1999. Environmental issues along the U.S.-Mexico border: Drivers of change and responses of citizens and institutions, Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 24:607-43.

Summarizes the range of binational environmental management challenges – including ground and surface water supply limitations, air and water pollution, hazardous waste, and ecosystem conservation – facing the region, placing them in the context of significant recent changes in public policy such as NAFTA; assesses the role of new institutions such as the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC), Border Environment Cooperation Commission (BECC), and Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC); environmental social movements; and nongovernmental organizations as important agents in mediating these recent environmental and social changes.

 

environmental development
Milich, L., and R.G. Varady. 1999. Openness, sustainability, and public participation: New designs for transboundary river basin institutions, Journal of Environment and Development 8(3):258-306.

Compares conventional approaches to river basin management by transboundary environmental institutions – typically driven from the top, functioning behind closed doors, disregarding sustainability, and relying on technical or regulatory fixes – with a new, more democratic model being tested in the U.S.-Mexico border region in the form of the Border Environmental Cooperation Commission (BECC). Evaluates the extent to which the BECC has fulfilled its promises and the possibility that it might be adapted to serve as a model in other transboundary areas.

 

Conflict in the Culebra!
Yarde, R., R. Merideth, and Susan Moodie. 1999. Conflict on the Culebra! A Role Playing Simulation Game for Teaching Environmental Conflict Resolution Techniques. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 24p.

Offers simulation exercises that aim to facilitate conflict resolution in local communities by simulating environmental conflicts encountered in western watersheds; programs encourage stakeholders (farmers, environmentalists, developers, and other interested citizens) to assume roles other than their own and enact the conflict scenario with facilitators.



1998

emerson
Emerson, K., and others, eds. 1998. Digest of the Public Forum on Issues Related to the Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl. A Report to U.S. Congressman Jim Kolbe. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 87pp.

(pdf)

Details 1998 public forum called by U.S. Congressman Jim Kolbe to discuss the potential impact of the pygmy-owl endangered species listing on future building projects in Pima County, and specifically, on plans for construction of a new high school in northwestern Tucson. Includes summaries of panels comprising representatives of both public agencies and interest groups.

 

Emerson, K., A. Moote, and others, eds. 1998. Digest of the Public-input Process for the Commission for Environmental Cooperation’s Expert Panel Report on the Upper San Pedro River. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 29pp.

Summarizes public input gathered during a two-month process related to the Commission for Environmental Cooperation’s draft report, “Sustaining and Enhancing Migratory Bird Habitat on the Upper San Pedro River,” released in June 1998.

 

Environment
Milich, L., and R.G. Varady. 1998. Managing transboundary resources: Lessons from river-basin accords, Environment 40(8):10-15, 35-41.

Examines three European transboundary river basin accords – pertaining to the Rhine, the Danube, and the Torneälven River (separating Finland and Sweden) – exemplifying the competing values involved in the management of natural resources; compares these policy instruments to the Border Environmental Cooperation Commission (BECC), created as a consequence of NAFTA by the United States and Mexico, which may be the most promising model of openness, transparency, capacity-building, and bottom-up design in transboundary river basin management to date.

 

Climatic Variability and Change in the Southwest
Merideth, R., D. Liverman, R. Bales, and M. Patterson, eds. 1998. Climate Variability and Change in the Southwest: Impacts, Information Needs, and Issues for Policymaking. Conference Proceedings (September 3-5, 1997, Tucson, AZ). Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 88pp.

Contains synopses of panel presentations and workshop meetings from the Southwest Regional Climate Change Symposium and Workshop, which brought together important stakeholders to explore the state-of-knowledge, information, and research needs, and possible policy strategies related to the impacts of and responses to climate variability and change in the Southwest.



1997

Environmental Conflict Resolution
Emerson, K., R. Yarde, and Tanya Heikkila. 1997. Environmental Conflict Resolution in the West Conference Proceedings (April 4-5, 1997, Tucson, AZ). Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 242pp.

Offers panel and presentation summaries from the “Environmental Conflict Resolution in the West Conference,” held in Tucson, Arizona, in April 1997. Topics include the role of science in western environmental dispute resolution, cross-cultural challenges in western environmental conflicts, and managing intergovernmental conflict, among others.

 

Journal of borderland studies
Varady, R.G., D. Colnic, R. Merideth, and T. Sprouse. 1997. The U.S.-Mexican Border Environment Cooperation Commission: Collected perspectives on the first two years, Journal of Borderland Studies 11(2):89-113.

Assesses – with particular attention to the key innovative elements of its design – the first two years’ activities of the Border Environment Cooperation Commission (BECC) and synthesizes the invited commentary from several BECC observers along both sides of the border; evaluates the Commission’s effectiveness in implementing its unique design, agenda, and project certification criteria.



1996

Environmental Health
Carter, D., C. Peña, R.G. Varady, and W.A. Suk. 1996. Environmental health and hazardous waste issues related to the U.S.-Mexico border, Environmental Health Perspectives 104(6):590-4.

Examines the impact of NAFTA and increased trade and industry on environmental health and hazardous waste issues along the border, and the involvement of federal, state, and local governmental institutions in addressing these issues; highlights the lack of sufficient data and research in the areas of hazardous waste and health assessment.



1995

no cover
Varady, R.G., H. Ingram, and L. Milich. 1995. The Sonoran Primeria Alta: Shared environmental problems and challenges, Journal of the Southwest 37(1):102-22.

Surveys the shared environmental problems of the Arizona-Sonora border region, with special attention to Colorado River salinity, the Rio Sonoyta and Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, the San Pedro River and Riparian National Conservation Area, and the Ambos Nogales area. Reveals the history of institutional challenges and responses to local drought and flood-related problems, and presents strategies for the future of local cooperative environmental management.

 

Journal of Environmental Health
Varady, R.G., and M.D. Mack. 1995. Transboundary water resources and public health in the U.S.-Mexico border region, Journal of Environmental Health 57(8):8-14.

Describes the shared environment of Nogales, Sonora, and Nogales, Arizona; the region’s water resources and public health issues, and the objectives of the Ambos Nogales Water Project; presents the findings and the policy implications of the Project’s research on three key water management issues with linkages to public health: quantity, sewerage, and quality.



1994

Environment
Ingram, H., L. Milich, and R.G. Varady. 1994. Managing transboundary resources: Lessons from Ambos Nogales, Environment 36(4):6-9, 28-38.

Assesses the record of water-management problems and solutions in the twin communities of Ambos Nogales of Arizona and Sonora, and the unique challenges and opportunities presented by its border-specific dynamics in the areas of economic opportunity, the separation of problems and solutions, perceived inequalities, local interest in policy, and grassroots problem solving; provides detailed recommendations for bridging borders through new institutional arrangements.



1990

Global Climate Change: The Meeting of Science and Policy
Burkhart, F.N., C.F. Hutchinson, and M. Saint-Germain, eds. 1990. Global Climate Change: The Meeting of Science and Policy Conference Proceedings (May 20, 1989, Tucson, AZ). Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy: Tucson, AZ. 34pp.

Generated from the proceedings of the conference, “Understanding Global Change and Arizona: Boom, Bust or Another Sunny Day?” Includes chapters by conference participants on the effect atmospheric research has on the political climate, greenhouse warming in Arizona, global warming and public policy, public policy as insurance against global climatic change, and global warming and social change.